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Enable gzip compression

What is Gzip compression?

  • Gzip is a method of compressing files (making them smaller) for faster network transfers.
  • It is also a file format.

    Compression allows your web server to provide smaller file sizes which load faster for your website users.

    webserver making file smaller

    Enabling gzip compression is a standard practice. If you are not using it for some reason, your webpages are likely slower than your competitors.

    How to enable Gzip compression

    • Compression is enabled via webserver configuration
    • Different web servers have different instructions (explained below)

    Here are the most common ways to enable compression including .htaccess, Apache, Nginx, and Litespeed webservers.

    Enable compression via .htaccess

    For most people reading this, compression is enabled by adding some code to a file called .htaccess on their web host/server. This means going to the file manager (or wherever you go to add or upload files) on your webhost.

    The .htaccess file controls many important things for your site. If you are not familiar with the .htaccess file, please read my working with .htaccess article to get some know how before changing it.

    The code below should be added to your .htaccess file…

    <ifModule mod_gzip.c>
    mod_gzip_on Yes
    mod_gzip_dechunk Yes
    mod_gzip_item_include file .(html?|txt|css|js|php|pl)$
    mod_gzip_item_include handler ^cgi-script$
    mod_gzip_item_include mime ^text/.*
    mod_gzip_item_include mime ^application/x-javascript.*
    mod_gzip_item_exclude mime ^image/.*
    mod_gzip_item_exclude rspheader ^Content-Encoding:.*gzip.*

    Save the .htaccess file and then refresh your webpage.

    Check to see if your compression is working using the Gzip compression tool.

    Enable compression on Apache webservers

    The instructions and code above will work on Apache. If they are not working there is another way that may work for you. If the above code did not seem to work, remove it from your .htaccess file and try this one instead…

    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/plain
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/css
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/rss+xml
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/javascript
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-javascript

    Enable compression on NGINX webservers

    To enable compression in NGINX you will need to add the following code to your config file

    gzip on;
    gzip_comp_level 2;
    gzip_http_version 1.0;
    gzip_proxied any;
    gzip_min_length 1100;
    gzip_buffers 16 8k;
    gzip_types text/plain text/html text/css application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;

    # Disable for IE < 6 because there are some known problems
    gzip_disable “MSIE [1-6].(?!.*SV1)”;

    # Add a vary header for downstream proxies to avoid sending cached gzipped files to IE6
    gzip_vary on;

    Enable compression on Litespeed webservers

    The ideal way to enable compression in Litespeed is to do it through the configuration under “tuning”. Just go down to “enable compression” and check to see if it is on, if not click “edit” then choose to turn it on. While you are there, look over the several Gzip options that are nearby.

    How effective is gzip compression?

    Compression of your HTML and CSS files with gzip typically saves around fifty to seventy percent of the file size. This means that it takes less time to load your pages, and less bandwidth is used over all.

    How compressed files work on the web

    browser and server compression communication

    When a request is made by a browser for a page from your site your webserver returns the smaller compressed file if the browser indicates that it understands the compression. All modern browsers understand and accept compressed files.

    Testing compression

    To see if gzip compression is working use our gzip compression tool.

    Also consider using the page speed tool which will test compression and many other factors.

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